Der Flirt des syrischen Regimes mit dem Jihadismus

„Although the eruption of popular protest, regime violence, and civil war created conditions under which jihadist militancy could thrive, Syria had already been fertile ground for Sunni extremism. For many years prior to 2011, the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad had maintained a consistently flirtatious relationship with Sunni jihadists. Damascus aimed at manipulating them into acting as proxies for Syria’s foreign policy agenda. …

As protests against Assad’s rule grew in early 2011, the regime in Damascus issued two amnesties, in which as many as 1,000 detainees linked to Islamist and jihadist activities were released from high-security prisons. This was not a conciliatory measure but a cynical attempt to Islamize the opposition and justify Assad’s claim to be fighting an extremist uprising. Many of those released went on to form Islamist opposition groups such as Jaish al-Islam and Ahrar al-Sham, but others went on to play a much more sinister role.“ (Der Autor des Buches: „The Syrian Jihad“ Charles Lister im US-amerikanischen Magazin Foreign Affairs: „Evolution of an Insurgency. How Syria Was Radicalized“)



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